What is sound insulation?

Acoustic wall insulationNoise pollution can be a problem for any homeowner or renter. There is nothing worse than not being able to sleep because of external noise you can’t control. However, while you may not be able to control the noise, you can reduce it (and have a good night’s sleep!). The best way to combat this is by improving the sound insulation (also referred to as ‘acoustic insulation’) in your home. But what is sound insulation? We have set out to answer that question:

How does sound insulation work?

Sound passes through most walls, floors and doors by setting the complete structure into vibration. This vibration creates new sound waves of compact intensity on the other side of the surface. The passage of sound into one room of a building from a source located in a different room or outside the building is known as sound transmission.

Transmission loss is a measure of the efficiency of a wall or other blockade in limiting the passage of sound. The unit of measure of sound transmission loss is the decibel (dB). The higher the transmission loss of a wall, the worse it functions as a barrier to the passage of unwanted noise. Sound insulation helps to reduce the levels of transmission loss. The higher the transmission loss of a wall, the more sound insulation that will be required.

Sound levels (dB):

Sound level (dB) Description Example
10 Very faint Normal breathing
20 Quiet A whisper at close range
40 to 50 Normal Light traffic
50 to 60 Above normal Loud speech
70 Loud Busy traffic
80 Very loud Vacuum cleaner


The main types of sound insulation

There are two types of sound insulation in buildings: airborne and impact.

Ceiling tiles providing sound insulationYou would use airborne sound insulation to reduce sound pumped directly into an airborne space. An example of this type is of insulation is a range of ceiling tiles. These offer a simple but effective solution to airborne sound, as they are lightweight, easy to install and provide a good level of sound reduction with little effort.

You would use impact sound insulation for floating floors and within office spaces. An example of this type of insulation would be the JCW Impactalay. JCW Impactlay is a complete soundproofing solution. It combines three acoustic layers to offer a cost-effective and easily installed solution to combat unwanted noise.

If you would more advice or assistance on sound insulation, call our insulation experts on 01752 692 206.